marginal cost

Energy Explainer: Electrical load

Energy Explainer: Electrical load

Electrical load is the component in a circuit that draws or consumes power as opposed to providing it. On a small scale, such as a torchlight, load can be the lightbulb. In a consumer’s home, load is determined by multiple factors, such as the type of devices being used, the frequency of their usage, and the time of day or year. The daily minimum level of electricity demand is known as the “baseload”. Peak load” is the amount of electricity needed when demand is at its highest. As different energy technologies have inherently different mechanical features, baseload and peak load demands are typically supplied by different types of generation plants.