renewable energy

ORIGINS OF DESIGN IN ENGINEERING AND POWER SYSTEMS

STANDING ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS

A BRIEF HISTORY OF DESIGN IN ENGINEERING AND POWER SYSTEMS LEADING TO THE FARADAY GRID

In every era in the history of humanity, innovation and development has been implemented in all areas to simplify the functioning of operating systems and ultimately, to increase efficiency and boost productivity. The Faraday Exchanger builds on the work of key physicists and mathematicians by going back to fundamental principles.

Innovation in the area of power and energy can be dated back to 600 BC, when Thales of Miletus, a Greek philosopher, first wrote about the concept of static electricity. He observed that if one rubbed fur on various materials, such as amber, they could create an electric spark.

Later in the 16th century, scientists such as William Gilbert, who is described by some as the father of electrical engineering, would carry out extensive research into electricity and magnetism, leading to him correctly and most significantly concluding that the earth behaves like a giant magnet.

With discoveries like these, came further findings such as Coulomb’s Law in the 18th Century. French physicist Charles-Augustin de Coulomb defined the law of electrostatic attraction and repulsion. Later in that century, Italian physicist Alessandro Volta created the first electric battery using chemicals and metals. By doing this, Volta proved that electricity could be generated chemically.

Such initial findings paved the way for Danish physicist and chemist Hans Christian Oersted who was the first person to ascertain the relationship between electricity and magnetism. He discovered this by proving that electric currents affected compass needles and created magnetic fields.

Following this, French physicist André-Marie Ampère found that current carrying wires produce forces on each other. He stated that two parallel portions of a circuit would attract one another if the currents in them flowed in the same direction and vice versa.

At the same time, Michael Faraday, one of the most influential scientists in history, was credited with inventing the first electric motor. Following Oersted’s discovery of electromagnetism, Faraday constructed two devices to produce an electromagnetic rotation. Faraday’s inventions and discoveries of electromagnetic induction and the laws of electrolysis have paved the way for inventions such as the modern electric motor, electric generators and transformers as we know them today.

By summarizing and amalgamating the findings of Coulomb, Oersted, Ampère and Faraday, a scientist named James Clerk Maxwell produced four equations that are used today as the basis of electromagnetic theory. He showed that electricity flows through many metals due to the movement of electrons amongst the atoms of the metal. The movement of these electrons produces a magnetic field, the strength of which depends on the number of moving electrons.

These studies and findings have made possible the design and manufacture of the systems that underpin modern life. However, despite the accelerated global development of the past century, the technology in use based on these findings has not fundamentally changed since the invention of the transformer by William Stanley in 1885.  

This lack of cardinal development means that today’s power systems would not be able to cope with the increasing global energy requirements without further increasing greenhouse gas emissions.

Therefore, based on these fundamentals of physics, theory from several academic streams, and using the principles of Artificial Intelligence and network optimisation, The Faraday Grid was designed to eventually replace existing technology and address the world’s global energy problem.

Introducing the energy system of the future to Washington DC

Introducing the energy system of the future to Washington DC

Our society has great aspirations for the future. As progress accelerates in every area of our lives, so does the energy system – the very underpinning of our economy – transition as well. However, an energy future shaped by evolving innovation cannot be not be realized while relying on a grid that is fundamentally no longer fit-for-purpose. On March 28 we introduced our vision for the energy system of the future to the American people. Watch our videos of the event here.

If not nuclear then what? Time to reimagine the grid.

If not nuclear then what? Time to reimagine the grid.

Until recently, the UK government’s future energy plans relied heavily on expensive new nuclear power plants to provide baseload capacity as old fossil fuel plants shut down. This was also going to ensure grid stability to support increased intermittent and volatile renewable generation. However, the energy system is fundamentally changing. We don’t need expensive nuclear power to keep the lights on – a more flexible energy system will enable renewables to flourish.

Encouraging innovation in regulated utilities: consultation - response from Faraday Grid

Encouraging innovation in regulated utilities: consultation - response from Faraday Grid

The HM Treasury’s and Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) initiated a consultation focusing on innovation in utilities, with the aim to “ensure our system of utilities regulation is fit for the future.” As an innovator of technology that will radically transform the market and with a growing global presence, Faraday Grid is keen to engage in the conversation and submitted a response to BEIS, which can be accessed here.

Blockchain and energy – a solution looking for a problem to solve?

Blockchain and energy – a solution looking for a problem to solve?

Blockchain has been a buzzword in many industries over the last couple of years, including the energy sector. However, despite best intentions, blockchain for energy continues to struggle to get beyond the hype and provide any real benefit. Instead, it adds complexity to the electricity system rather than solving the critical systemic challenge to provide people with clean, reliable and low cost power – the energy ‘trilemma’. Ready Founder & Chief Technology Officer Matthew Williams’s article that originally appeared on Current+.

The Energy Trilemma is far from being resolved - Response to Greg Clark

The Energy Trilemma is far from being resolved - Response to Greg Clark

In this response to Greg Clark MP, Founder & Chief Technology Officer Matthew Williams and Chief Economist & Head of Government Affairs Richard Dowling together challenge the idea that the Energy Trilemma is “over” and examine how greater amounts of renewables will affect energy security and energy equity, should there be no change to the current grid.

Introducing the world’s first Faraday Grid in London

Introducing the world’s first Faraday Grid in London

The Faraday Grid is thrilled to announce the deployment of its revolutionary technology in London, one of the world’s most sophisticated electricity networks. The agreement will see the world’s first Faraday Grid utilised in a live network from early 2019 in partnership with the UK’s most innovative distribution network operator UK Power Networks, which characterised Faraday’s technology as ‘transformational.’ As the Faraday Grid expands through the rest of the UK and beyond, it promises to unlock new frontiers in innovation and underpin the sustainable welfare of generations to come.

How will California go Carbon Free by 2045?

How will California go Carbon Free by 2045?

In September 2018, Governor Jerry Brown made history by signing the revolutionary Senate Bill 100 (SB 100). The truly ground-breaking requirement is the stipulation for California to be 100 per cent carbon free by 2045. Achieving such an ambitious target will require innovative technological solutions. Read Oliver Forsyth’s writing on what circumstances and factors to consider.

Energy storage, variable renewables, and the path towards limiting global temperature rise

Energy storage, variable renewables, and the path towards limiting global temperature rise

Variable renewable energy (VRE) is forecast to reach 50% of total generation by 2050. To balance the inherent variability, a surge in storage technology with respect to grid power and quality is expected. The most popular technology, lithium ion battery storage does not come without its constraints. Read Peter Lo’s writing on the trends surrounding storage and variable renewable energy.

New Energy Outlook - A techno-economic review

New Energy Outlook - A techno-economic review

Rapid acceleration of changes in the energy sphere renders preparations for their implicit challenges difficult. Bloomberg’s recently published 2018 New Energy Outlook (NEO) highlights key market drivers and integrates insight from a variety of experts to evaluate how the energy market will evolve in the coming decades.

From a pragmatic perspective, the electricity system will have to technologically adapt to enable these trends without inflating costs or dangerously destabilising the system. Electrical Engineer, Alex Kleidaras reviews some of the claims of NEO, with regards to their implications and requirements for their feasibility.

Resolution of Voltage Swells by the Faraday Exchanger

Resolution of Voltage Swells by the Faraday Exchanger

Voltage swells can disrupt the operation of various equipment, ranging from consumer electronic devices and sensitive medical apparatus to a production/process-line of a manufacturing plant, leading to millions of dollars of industrial revenue loss. Current mitigating technologies are limited to specific power quality problems, and their wide adoption would be economically unsustainable. Faraday Grid Limited (Faraday) has developed an entirely new technology [3], the Faraday Exchanger – a single device, which comprehensively resolves most power quality problems and fits seamlessly into the existing infrastructure. To demonstrate the voltage swell-resolution capability of the Faraday Exchanger compared to a transformer, the Faraday team conducted laboratory experiments. For a thorough review and analysis, read this white paper. 

Faraday Grid Benefits - a New York State Viewpoint

Faraday Grid Benefits - a New York State Viewpoint

The New York State electricity grid’s challenges – similarly to other grids worldwide - derive from the fact that the current network architecture restraints the system’s ability to accommodate shifting electricity uses and generation types.

Reactive problem solving is not sufficient to sustainably provide the system flexibility such rapid changes require. It is a resilient systemic solution that is required to relieve the system from its pressures and provide an opportunity for further innovation.

Faraday Grid Ltd. (Faraday) has developed a completely new technology that provides a systemic, cost-effective solution. Read Jagadeesh Guda’s white paper that documents the techno-economic implications of the Faraday Grid technology in specific to the New York state electricity grid.

Faraday Grid’s response submission to OFGEM’s RIIO-2 Consultation

Faraday Grid’s response submission to OFGEM’s RIIO-2 Consultation

In response to OFGEM’s RIIO-2 consultation, Faraday Grid urges the incentivisation of fundamental network-wide solutions as opposed to seeking out incremental mitigating technologies providing only temporary relief from network-wide pressures.

Microgrids, Legacy Grids, and the Faraday Grid

Microgrids, Legacy Grids, and the Faraday Grid

The tenth annual Advanced Energy Conference took place in New York City to bring together influential leaders, key researchers, and policy makers from every part of the energy sector. On the opening day of the conference, Andrew Scobie, Faraday Grid CEO took stage to speak about the pioneering Faraday Grid solution, specifically, the possibilities it can open up for progressing microgrid technology. 

Reinventing electricity grids and Creating a Platform to Integrate New Technologies

Reinventing electricity grids and Creating a Platform to Integrate New Technologies

CEO, Andrew Scobie joined industry leaders at the Energy Storage and Connected Systems 2018 conference to present at a panel discussion focusing on the systemic evolution of grid operation and its relation to new technologies. The presentation analysed the current energy challenge, mitigating technologies, and the Faraday Grid's solution. 

Faraday Grid Benefits - High Voltage Network Simulation

Faraday Grid Benefits - High Voltage Network Simulation

WHITE PAPER ATTACHED

The secure operation of modern electricity networks is becoming an increasingly difficult task as grids continuously employ complex interconnections, intermittent non-dispatchable renewable generation, and nonlinear loads. While these actions aim to improve power system reliability and meet sustainable energy requirements, they significantly reduce the system’s fault tolerance, inertia, and damping levels. The Faraday Exchanger (FE) technology delivers key technical and economic benefits, as demonstrated through results obtained from detailed simulations on numerous electrical networks from various countries.

Low Voltage Network Simulation with the Faraday Grid

Low Voltage Network Simulation with the Faraday Grid

When rolled out across a wider system of LV networks, the Faraday Grid technology can enable a quantum shift in energy system architecture to a new decentralised, flexible and reliable system.
Three sets of simulations measuring network performance of LV networks using conventional transformers, Online Tap Changers (OLTCs), and Faraday Exchangers were carried out to demonstrate the Faraday Grid’s superior capabilities. Read the white paper describing the simulation results via the link.

Review of the Faraday Grid Launch Event

Review of the Faraday Grid Launch Event

The Launch Event of the Faraday Grid, including a live demonstration of the Faraday Exchanger device attracted over 150 guests from academia, science, and business. This truly unique technology is able to dramatically increase the amount of renewable energy in the grid, reduce carbon emissions and reduce the cost of energy to consumers. In this review, Richard Dowling, Chief Economist reflects on night and the implications of this groundbreaking technology. 

Electricity grids and markets: current status, problems, and opportunities for the Faraday Grid

Electricity grids and markets: current status, problems, and opportunities for the Faraday Grid

White Paper by University of Edinburgh Chancellor’s Fellow Dr Harry van der Weijde analysing the current status of electricity grids and markets considering clean energy goals. The paper finds that the current electricity system is fast approaching a breaking point and will not be able to handle higher levels of renewable energy without substantial new costs that would hit consumers.  Dr van der Weijde concludes that the Faraday Grid can resolve the challenge of increasing renewable energy penetration and preventing the looming threat of doubling or tripling of longer term electricity prices.

Modernising electricity grids: from smart grids to blockchain - and The Faraday Grid

Modernising electricity grids: from smart grids to blockchain - and The Faraday Grid

A modern grid supplying modern electricity demands should be able to provide environmentally friendly energy securely and at an affordable price at once. There are a number of technology pathways being suggested to modernise the electricity grid, and adapt it to the new reality of distributed variable renewable generation. This article gives an overview of these technologies.